THE SOCIAL PROFILE ASSESSMENT
The Social Profile is a measure of social participation in activity groups that range from the family, to schools, to clinics, to clubs, to cultural groups, sports groups and community groups. It is designed as a developmental sequence of interactive abilities in groups. The Profile may be used to evaluate groups or individuals in social settings. Based on the work of Parten (1932) and Mosey (1986), the concepts of the five levels used in the Profile consist of Parallel, Associative, Basic Cooperative, Supportive Cooperative and Mature levels of social function. The Social Profile’s purpose reflects the principles of the World Health Organization’s International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (2001), Chapters 7 and 9, emphasizing, Interpersonal Interaction and Relationships, and Community, Social and Civic Life as essential to health.
The full Social Profile has 40 items, divided into three topics of Activity Participation, Social Interaction and Group Membership/Roles. There are two versions of the Social Profile, the Children’s Version and the Adult/Adolescent Version. The first three levels of the Adult/AdolescentVersion make up the Children’s Version which has 27 items.
Because groups and individuals may display and incorporate a number of levels in carrying out an activity, the instrument has been described as a Profile, measuring the percentage of time spent at several levels during a session or across a longer period of time within a given activity. Adults participate at a Parallel level in an exercise class, despite their ability to interact at a Mature level during other activities. Activities at times determine the level of group interaction of the individuals in the group. A highly structured AA meeting may only operate at a Basic Cooperative level, whereas some support groups focused on losses may interact at Supportive Cooperative and Mature levels. The major construct of the Social Profile is Cooperation.
The Social Profile is both an ordinal and an interval scale. When used as a broad-based measure looking globally at the 5 levels of the Social Profile for social development, interaction or growth in schools, clinics and communities, the Social Profile is an ordinal scale. When detailed measurement is desired for research, the Likert scale scoring provides more specific data. Studies describing the Social Profile’s validity, reliability and sensitivity are published in the manual, Social Profile: Assessment of Social Participation in Children, Adolescents and Adults.
The Social Profile Manual includes a flash drive for printing copies of the Children’s Version and the Adult/Adolescent Version of the Social Profile.
The members of the group play, move, or work side by side, but do not interact with each other.
The members of the group approach each other briefly in verbal and non-verbal interactions during play, activity, or work.
BASIC COOPERATIVE PARTICIPATION:
The members of the group jointly select, implement and execute longer play, activity or work tasks for reasons of mutual self-interest in the goal, project or fellow members.
SUPPORTIVE COOPERATIVE PARTICIPATION:
The members of the group are usually homogeneous, and aim to fulfill their needs of mutual emotional satisfaction, with the goals of play, activity or work viewed as secondary. Feelings are frequently expressed.
The members of the group may be heterogeneous, taking turns in a variety of complimentary roles in order to achieve the goals of the activity harmoniously and efficiently.
The activities provide balance between emotional and performance needs of members.
The activities usually provide high level of performance, discussion or product.
SUPPORTIVE COOPERATIVE ITEMS:
The activties focus on attempts to satisfy other's emotional needs by words or by actions.
Members select the activities.
BASIC COOPERATIVE ITEMS:
Members begin to express ideas and try to meet the needs of others.
Members respect others' rights and follow group rules.
The activities include engagement in brief interaction.
There is enjoyment of activities between group members.
The solitary activities provide little participation with group members.
Members interact very little with other people.